Along with the cooler temperatures and winter weather come problems dealing with dry skin and eczema. Where in the country you live can affect how you approach treating dry skin. Winter in most areas brings cooler, dryer air and an increase in indoor heating all of which combine to create dry, flaky and itchy skin due to moisture loss.
No matter where you live, keeping the body and skin well hydrated in paramount in combating temperatures extremes. While a hot shower or bath can sound so relaxing, it strips the skin of its protective moisture barrier and the itching and irritation that may follow will be anything but relaxing. So the rule here is to take short, warm showers and pat the skin dry afterwards.
Each particular area of the country experiences its own weather climate and special needs. In the south portions of the country; winter weather fluctuates in sometimes dramatic fashion. In the Deep South, the damp cold air can leave the skin feeling clammy so a sunscreen that absorbs quickly into the skin is a must. Layers of cotton clothing that can be removed as necessary will be more comfortable and less prone to irritation than woolens and synthetics.
In the southeastern or mid-Atlantic areas it can be cold one day and warm the next, damp and wet, followed by periods of extreme dry air. Again layer clothing that can be added or removed to fit your comfort level and a moisture-rich sunscreen can help.
In the southwest, the problem is warm, extremely dry air. Cotton clothing breathes and will not lock in or trap body heat. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and extra moisturizing is essential. Carry jojoba oil with you and apply as needed to keep the skin moist.
In the northern most regions of the country, the humidity stays low, the air is frigid and cold and indoor heating can be very drying. A home humidifier can help replace moisture loss from indoor heat sources and moisturizing lotions, oils and creams are a must. The Midwestern areas of the country also experience a lot of very cold, dry winter air requiring an increase in your regular moisture routine.
The California and pacific coast tends to be more temperate but still quite dry. A moisturizer with added sunblock can be very helpful and staying well hydrated or even increasing the amount of water you drink can be essential.