There are as many different types of facial rashes as there are skin tones. Facial rashes may be classified as episodes of facial flushing, redness, and patches of red or pinkish skin, pimples, papule, lesions or pustules. Or even any combination thereof. Some of the more common skin rashes include acne, eczema, rosacea, psoriasis, and lupus.
A facial rash may be the result of rosacea in which facial redness begins and gradually becomes more persistent with blood vessels causing a progressively more prominent rash on the nose and cheeks. Inflammatory papules and pustules may develop and continue to worsen. Facial pores often become larger and more prominent. Rosacea often first appears in adults in their 40s to 50s
Acne is caused by inflammation from clogged pores, pimples, cysts or nodules. The upper layer of skin contains sebaceous glands which surround each hair follicle and produce sebum, an oily substance, to lubricate the hair. Acne results the skin’s sebaceous glands become clogged. Acne can be found on the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders.
Facial psoriasis affects nearly half of people diagnosed with psoriasis. The rash of facial psoriasis appears as silvery scales, itchy rashes and, in some cases, opens lesions. This rash most commonly involves the upper lip, the forehead and eyebrows, and at the hairline. Research indicates approximately 74% of people with facial psoriasis had rashes on the upper forehead, and approximately 46% had rashes near the ear. Most psoriasis sufferers first experienced facial symptoms of the condition between the ages of 30 to 40.
The above three conditions causing facial rashes all tend to occur to adults at about the same time of life making the diagnosis of any of these facial rashes a complex situation.
The butterfly rash of lupus is a facial rash located across the cheeks in a butterfly pattern. Lupus is a complex disease that can affect many parts of the body. The immune system of a lupus sufferer sees its own cells as a foreign entity within the body causing the body to attack its own tissue in a mistaken effort to protect the body from these perceived foreign substances. The lupus rash is a red, raised area that appears most commonly on the face, but may also be present on the scalp, or elsewhere on the body. The raised areas may become thick and scaly and may cause scarring. The rash may last for days or years and may recur.
Eczema is a blanket term used to describe any kind of red, blistering, scaly, thickened, or itching skin conditions. A rash caused by contact with another substance is termed a contact dermatitis. This would include but not be limited to chemicals, pet dander, and plants such as poison ivy, metal or fabric. The term atopic defines a group of allergic or associated diseases that may be genetic in origin affecting several members of a family. This group would include allergies such as hay fever and asthma, resulting in skin eruptions thus the term Atopic Eczema. Atopic eczema can occur at any age, but is most common in infants to young adults. In infants, Atopic Eczema occurs mainly on the face and scalp, although spots can appear elsewhere. In teens and young adults, the eruptions may occur on the on the face, but can also be present on the elbow bends and backs of the knees, ankles and wrists and, neck and upper chest.