Glossary C

Rosacea Definitions

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Rosacea

C

Candida – Candida favors warm, moist areas, so often occurs under the armpits and in the genital area. The skin becomes inflamed and itches, and may develop red lesions or rashes.In the treatment of inverse psoriasis, due to the locations of the lesions, the skin is more prone candidia infections.

CapexTM Shampoo – (fluocinolone acetonide) Topical Shampoo, a steroid medication used in the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis or severe dandruff.

Carbon Dioxide Laser – (CO 2) laser is used in the treatment of infected wounds, scar tissue, warts, and other skin disorders.

Cellex-C® – Serum used in the treatment of acne containing L-ascorbic acid, tyrosine, and zinc. A beta hydroxyl acid.

Cellulite-Ltd – Cellulite-Ltd III is a patented topical skin conditioner that has proven itself very effective at improving the appearance of cellulite-affected skin.

Cercarial dermatitis – also called Swimmer’s itch, is a skin rash caused by an allergic reaction to infection with certain parasites of birds and mammals.

Cetacort® – (Hydrocortisone) a low potency steroid medication. Also sold under the brand names: Nutracort®, Anusol-HC®, Hytone®, Cort-Dome®, Locoid®, Cortenema®, Cortifoam®, Cortaind®, Lanacort®, Westcort®.

Cetamide® – Ophthalmic antibiotic medication used in the treatment of eye infections common in ocular rosacea. Also sold under the brand names: Isopto-Cetamide®, Sulfair®, Ak-Sulf®, Ophthacet®, Sulfair Forte®, Sodium Sulamyd®, Sulten-10®, sulfacetamide.

Chalazion or chalazia – A small mass in the eyelid caused by a blockage of a tiny oil gland in the eyelid commonly found in ocular rosacea. Alternative name: Meibomian gland lipogranuloma.

Cheiropompholyx – (Dyshidrotic Dermatitis of the hands).

Cheilitis – inflammation of the skin on and around the lips. Common symptom in atopic dermatitis.

Chemical Peels – a solution applied to the skin to remove dead skin cells and stimulate the production of new skin cells. Chemical peels are an AHA or BHA treatment solution sometimes used in the treatment of acne.

Chicken pox – symptoms include red blisters that cause itching. Chicken pox rarely causes lasting scars in spite of the urge to scratch the blisters.

Chronic – A condition that is continuous or persistent over an extended period of time. The opposite of acute. A chronic condition is one that is long-standing, not easily or quickly resolved.

Cleocin-T Gel® (Topical) – Topical antibiotic medication used in the treatment of acne and skin infections. Also sold under the brand names: Cleocin-T Lotion® (Topical), Cleocin-T Topical Solution® (Topical), Clindamycin®.

Cleocin-T Lotion® (Topical) – Topical antibiotic medication used in the treatment of acne and skin infections. Also sold under the brand names: Cleocin-T Topical Solution® (Topical), Cleocin-T Gel® (Topical), Clindamycin®.

Cleocin-T Topical Solution® (Topical) – Topical antibiotic medication used in the treatment of acne and skin infections. Also sold under the brand names: Cleocin-T Lotion® (Topical), Cleocin-T Gel® (Topical), Clindamycin®.

Clindamycin – Topical antibiotic used in the treatment of acne and skin infections. Also sold under the brand names: Cleocin-T Lotion® (Topical), Cleocin-T Topical Solution® (Topical), Cleocin-T Gel® (Topical).

Clinical trial – investigational studies of new treatments, research into new uses of existing treatment, or new screening methods to detect disease.

Clobetasol – a corticosteroid medication used to reduce itching, redness, and swelling associated with many skin conditions, such as stasis dermatitis, eczema/atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, and seborrhea. Also sold under the brand names: Cormax®, Embeline™ E, Temovate®.

Clobetasol Propionate – high potency corticosteroid medication for the relief of the inflammation and itching associated with many skin conditions. Also sold under the brand name: Clovate®.

Clocortolone pivalate – a mid-potency corticosteroid medication cream for the treatment of inflammation and itching. Also sold under the brand name: Cloderm.

Cloderm® – by Penederm, (clocortolone pivalate), a mid-potency corticosteroid medication cream for the treatment of inflammation, and itching.

Clovate® – by Glaxo Wellcome, (Clobetasol Propionate.0,05%) high potency corticosteroid medication for the treatment of the inflammation and itching associated with many skin conditions.

Coal tar bath – Topical coal tar preparations are used in the treatment of the scaling, inflammation and itching of psoriasis and other skin disorders. The coal tar solution is added to bath water for greater coverage and penetration.

Colloidal silver – a suspension of submicroscopic metallic silver particles in a colloidal base. Long-term use of silver preparations can lead to argyria, a condition in which silver salts deposit in the skin, eyes, and internal organs, and the skin turns ashen-gray.

Comedogenic – (pronounced coh-me-dough-jen-ic) refers to anything that tends to clog pores and produce comedones, commonly called blackheads.

Comedones – Comedones are small, flesh colored, white, or dark bumps that give skin a rough texture. The bumps are found at the opening of a sebaceous follicle (pore), whiteheads, and/or blackheads. Frequently found on the forehead and chin. The singular is “comedo”.

Conjunctivitis – Inflammation or infection of the membrane lining the eyelids associated with ocular rosacea. Also known as pink eye.

Contact dermatitis – A skin inflammation caused by direct contact with a substance. Alternative names: Over-treatment dermatitis; Dermatitis – contact; Allergic dermatitis; Dermatitis – allergic; Poison ivy; Poison oak; Poison sumac.

Contagious – capable of being transmitted from person to person.

Copper Peptide Therapy – a topical treatment that works both as an antioxidant as well as helping stimulate fibroblast activity, resulting in collagen production.

Cordran® – by Oclassen, (Flurandrenolide), anti-inflammatory low to medium potency, topical corticosteroid medication used in the treatment of many skin conditions. Also sold under the brand names: Cordran® SP, Drenison®.

Cormax® – by Oclassen, (Clobetasol) a corticosteroid used to reduce itching, redness, and swelling associated with many skin conditions. Also sold under the brand names: Embeline™ E, Temovate®.

Corneocytes – individual skin cells.

Cortaind® – Hydrocortisone – a natural chemical made by the body which reduces swelling, itching, inflammation, and burning. The most common prescribed and/or over the counter steroid medication, used in the treatment of many skin conditions. Very low potency steroid. Also sold under the brand names: Cetacort®, Nutracort®, Anusol-HC®, Hytone®, Cort-Dome®, Cortenema®, Cortifoam®, Lanacort®, Locoid®, Westcort®.

Cort-Dome® – Hydrocortisone – a natural chemical made by the body which reduces swelling, itching, inflammation, and burning. The most common prescribed and/or over the counter steroid medication, used in the treatment of many skin conditions. Very low potency steroid. Also sold under the brand names: Cetacort®, Nutracort®, Anusol-HC®, Hytone®, Cortenema®, Cortifoam®, Cortaind®, Lanacort®, Locoid®, Westcort®.

Cortenema® – Hydrocortisone – a natural chemical made by the body which reduces swelling, itching, inflammation, and burning. The most common prescribed and/or over the counter steroid medication, used in the treatment of many skin conditions. Very low potency steroid. Also sold under the brand names: Cetacort®, Nutracort®, Anusol-HC®, Hytone®, Cort-Dome®, Cortifoam®, Cortaind®, Lanacort®, Locoid®, Westcort®.

Corticosteroids – synthetic steroids used topically as anti-inflammatory, anti-itch agents.

Cortifoam® – Hydrocortisone – a natural chemical made by the body which reduces swelling, itching, inflammation, and burning. The most common prescribed and/or over the counter steroid medication, used in the treatment of many types of skin conditions. Very low potency steroid. Also sold under the brand names: Cetacort®, Nutracort®, Anusol-HC®, Hytone®, Cort-Dome®, Cortenema®, Cortaind®, Lanacort®, Locoid®, Westcort®.

Cortisone – (steroid) skin preparations similar to hydrocortisone. The medicines in this group differ primarily by the strength of each compound. Their purpose is to decrease local swelling, inflammation, burning, and itching.

Cradle cap – a form of seborrheic dermatitis characterized by crusty, scaly skin on your baby’s scalp. Cradle cap usually doesn’t appear in children older than 1 year.

Curatoderm – (Taealcitol) Crookes Pharmaceutical. This product for mild to moderate plaque psoriasis was launched in 1996. It is on prescription only. It is the first Vitamin D treatment for Psoriasis that has a once daily application. A single application – preferably at night time – lasts up to 24 hours. This treatment can be used safely on the face and on soft areas of the body.

Cutivate® – By Glaxo Welcome, (Fluticasone) a corticosteroid used to reduce itching, redness, and swelling associated with many skin conditions. Available as a cream or ointment.

Cyclosporine – a powerful prescription drug that decreases the body’s abnormal immune response.

Cytokine – a large group of molecules that regulate interactions in the immune system. Cytokines are messengers that carry biochemical signals to regulate local and systemic immune responses, inflammatory reactions, wound healing, formation of blood cells, and many other biologic processes.

Cysts – A cyst is a closed pocket or pouch of tissue. It can be filled with air, fluid, pus, or other material.