Glossary D

Rosacea Definitions

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Rosacea

D

Dalacin-T® – Topical antibiotic medication used in the treatment of acne and skin infections.

Dandruff – A mild skin condition that produces white flakes that may be shed and fall from the hair. Sometimes confused with seborrheic dermatitis.

Decadron® – (Dexamethasone) Topical aerosol corticosteroid medication to reduce itching, redness.

Decaspray® – By Merck, (Dexamethasone) Topical aerosol corticosteroid to reduce itching, redness, and swelling associated with many skin conditions such as stasis dermatitis, eczema/atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, and seborrhea. Note: Steroid use can cause steroid-induced rosacea, acne rosacea, and adult rosacea.

Dehydration – Excessive loss of body water. The body is about 70% water while the eye is about 96% water. Water is necessary for skin cell regeneration and skin tissue repair. lack of adequate water can result in skin redness and irritation.

Demodex folliculorum – A cigar shaped mite which lives in the skin. It has been suggested in the past that this mite may be the cause of rosacea but studies have not shown a relationship with rosacea, acne rosacea, or acult rosacea.

Dendritic keratitis – an infection resulting in inflammation of the membrane lining the eyelid and the portion of the eyeball that comes into contact with it. Recurrent infections are characterized by a pattern of lesions that resemble the veins of a leaf.

Dennie-Morgan fold – an extra fold of skin that develops under the eye. Commonly occurs in atopic dermatitis.

Dermacin – (Fluocinonide), a high potency corticosteroid. Also sold under the names: Fluonex®, Fluex, Dermacin, Licon, Lidex, Lidex-E.

Derma Cleanse – by Zenmed this is an acne product used internally in the treadment of acne.

Derma-Smoothe/FS – (fluocinolone), a topical steroid medication used in the treatment of many kinds of skin conditions.

Dermatitis – a chronic skin disorder categorized by itching, rash, and a personal or family history of seasonal allergies or asthma. Alternative names: Infantile eczema; Atopic eczema; Dermatitis – atopic; Eczema.

Dermatitis-Ltd III™ – Applied topically, will improve the appearance of skin with rosacea, eczema, seborrheic dermatitis and adult acne, & acne rosacea.

Dermatitis Repens – A less rare form of pustular psoriasis is characterized by skin lesions on the ends of the fingers and sometimes the toes. May start after an injury to the skin or infection.Also known as Acropustulosis also called Acrodermatitis Continua of Hallopeau.

Dermatop® – by Ortho, (prednicarbate) emollient cream 0.1% is a medium-potency steroid medication indicated for the relief of inflammation and itching.

Desocort® – (Desonide) – a low to medium-potency, topical, anti-inflammatory corticosteroid medication; reduces irritation, and itching.

Desonide – a low to medium-potency, topical, anti-inflammatory corticosteroid medication; reduces irritation and itching on the affected areas of the skin.

DesOwen® – (desonide) a low to medium-potency, topical, anti-inflammatory corticosteroid medication used in the treatment of many skin conditions. Manufactured by Galderma. Also sold under the brand names: Tridesilon® Topical, Desocort®.

Desquamation – shedding or detachment of skin cells.

Dexamethasone – topical aerosol corticosteroid medication designed to reduce itching, redness, and swelling.

Differin® – (adapalene) is a topical retinoid analogue indicated for the treatment of acne vulgaris.

Diflorasone – topical, high to very high potency, corticosteroid medication, used in the treatment of a variety of skin conditions.

Disciform keratitis – term for recurrent episodes of dendritic keratitis resulting in deep, disc-shaped swelling of the cornea, inflammation of the iris and cloudiness in the eyes.

Discoid Eczema – (Nummular Dermatitis) “discoid” or “nummular” dermatitis, which means coin or disc-shaped patches which commonly occur on the lower leg. They can be several centimetres across, or as small as two millimetres. The skin between the patches is usually normal, but may be dry and irritable. Discoid eczema may be extremely itchy, or scarcely noticeable.

Distal interphalangeal predominant psoriatic psoriasis – a sub-type of psoriatic arthritis occurring in 5% of cases which is characterised by inflammation and/or stiffness in the joints at the tips or ends of the fingers and toes.

DNA – the molecules that are the “building blocks” of cells; DNA is an abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid.

Doryx® – An oral antibiotic medication which is used in the treatment of a wide variety of bacterial infections. It is often prescribed for rosacea.

Dovonex – (Calcipotriol) Leo Laboratories. Dovonex is the Trade name of three products which are manufactured from a derivative of Vitamin D. There is a Scalp Application, a Cream and an Ointment for the body. The makers say it is NOT suitable for the treatment of the facial area (or other tender areas of the body), as it might have an irritant effect on some people in these areas. It is also not indicated for Pustular Psoriasis – the type that presents as blisters under the skin, on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. It is obtainable on prescription only, and cannot be bought over-the- counter.

Doxycycline – An oral antibiotic medication which is used in the treatment of a wide variety of bacterial infections. It is often prescribed for rosacea.

Dramatic Relief – by Cutanix a moisturizer containing Quadrinone™ is a chemical compound approved by the FDA as a food additive.

Drenison® – Flurandrenolide, anti-inflammatory low to medium potency topical corticosteroid. Also sold under the brand name(s): Cordran®; Cordran® SP.

Dry skin - Abnormally dry skin can be caused by a dry climate, dehydration, winter weather, deficiency of vitamin A , systemic illness, overexposure to sunlight, or medication. As the skin loses moisture, it may crack, peel, become irritated, inflamed, and itch. Bathing frequently, especially with soaps, can contribute to dry skin.

Drenison® – Flurandrenolide, anti-inflammatory low to medium potency topical corticosteroid medication used to treat various types of skin conditions.

Duhrings Disease – an extremely itchy rash consisting of bumps and blisters. The rash is chronic, which means it continues over a long period of time. Also known as Dermatitis herpetiformis.

Dynacin® – Oral antibiotic medication used in the treatment of infections that are caused by bacteria. Belongs to a class of drugs called tetracycline antibiotics.

Dyshidrotic Dermatitis – (pompholyx) irritation of the skin on the palms of hands and soles of the feet characterized by clear, deep blisters that itch and burn.

Dyshidrotic eczema – irritation of the skin on the palms of hands and soles of the feet characterized by clear, deep blisters that itch and burn.

Dysmenorrheica – rosacea-like eruption: on the cheeks of a female, recurring during or just before painful menstrual periods.