Glossary S

Rosacea Definitions

A more effective rosacea treatment should involve an understanding of the terminology used to describe the symptoms and causes of rosacea.

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Rosacea

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Salicylic Acid – considered a Beta Hydroxy acid. This occurs in nature in sweet birch and in wintergreen leaves. Its effects on the epidermis and upper dermis are similar to those of Retin-A, but with less irritation. BHA’s are sometimes used in the treatment of adult acne.

Seborrhea dermatitis – A skin condition characterized by loose, greasy or dry, white to yellowish scales, with or without associated reddened skin. Cradle cap is the term used when seborrheic dermatitis affects the scalp of infants. Alternative names: Dandruff; Seborrheic eczema; Cradle cap.

Seborrheic dermatitis – A skin condition characterized by loose, greasy or dry, white to yellowish scales, with or without associated reddened skin. Cradle cap is the term used when seborrheic dermatitis affects the scalp of infants. Alternative names: Dandruff; Seborrheic eczema; Cradle cap.

Sodium Sulamyd® – Ophthalmic antibiotic medication used in the treatment of eye infections associated with ocular rosacea. Also sold under the brand names: Isopto-Cetamide®, Sulfair®, Ak-Sulf®, Ophthacet®, Sulfair Forte®, Cetamide®, Sulten-10®, sulfacetamide.

Sodium Sulfacetamide (sull-fuh-SEET-uh-mide) Lotion® – Topical antibiotic used in the treatment of acne. Also sold under the brand name Klaron.

Spider veins – small enlarged superficial blood vessels that appear red or blue. They commonly occur on the legs, but frequently occur on the face or elsewhere.

Staticin® – Topical antibiotic used on the skin in the treatment of acne. Also sold under the brand names: Erymax®, Erygel®, A/T/S®, Erycette®, Ery-Sol®, Erythra-Derm®, T-Stat®, Eryderm®, Erythromycin.

Steroids – used in the treatment of the symptoms of eczema, a skin condition characterized by itchy, red, scaly skin. They are also used for other inflammatory skin conditions such as psoriasis and dermatitis. They don’t cure the conditions but can ease the symptoms. They work by reducing inflammation of the skin and thus easing the symptoms of itching, redness and swelling that occur with many skin conditions.

Steroid rosacea – the name given to a rosacea-like condition on the face caused by potent topical steroids. After several weeks of applying a topical steroid to the eyelids, cheeks or chin the affected area becomes red (erythematous). Small bumps (papules) and pustules appear intermittently, and may paradoxically be especially severe when the topical steroid cream is discontinued.

Steronide – (Desonide) a low to medium-potency topical anti-inflammatory corticosteroid; reduces irritation and itching on the affected areas of the skin. Also sold under the brand names: DesOwen® Topical, Tridesilon® Topical, Desocort®.

Stratum Corneum – the outermost layer of skin. Seals moisture in the skin and acts as a barrier against foreign chemicals, bacteria etc. from penetrating the skin.

Strontium Calming Lotion – manufactured by Rosacare; maintains it will relieve facial burning, stinging, itching or redness due to environmental or chemical irritants.

Styes – An infection of oil glands in the eyelid. Alternative name: Hordeolum.

Sulfacetamide – Ophthalmic antibiotic medication used in the treatment of eye infections associated with ocular rosacea. Also sold under the brand names: Isopto-Cetamide®, Sulfair®, Ak-Sulf®, Ophthacet®, Cetamide®, Sulf-10®, Sulfair Forte®, Sodium Sulamyd®, Sulten-10®.

Sulf-10® – Ophthalmic antibiotic medication used in the treatment of eye infections associated with ocular rosacea. Also sold under the brand names: Isopto-Cetamide®, Sulfair®, Ak-Sulf®, Ophthacet®, Cetamide®, Sulfair Forte®, Sodium Sulamyd®, Sulten-10®, sulfacetamide.

Sulfair® – Ophthalmic antibiotic medication used in the treatment of eye infections associated with ocular rosacea. Also sold under the brand names: Isopto-Cetamide®, Ak-Sulf®, Ophthacet®, Cetamide®, Sulfair Forte®, Sodium Sulamyd®, Sulten-10®, sulfacetamide.

Sulfair Forte® – Ophthalmic antibiotic medication used in the treatment of eye infections associated with ocular rosacea. Also sold under the brand names: Isopto-Cetamide®, Sulfair®, Ak-Sulf®, Ophthacet®, Cetamide®, Sulf-10®, Sodium Sulamyd®, Sulten-10®, sulfacetamide.

Sulten-10® – Ophthalmic antibiotic medication used in the treatment of eye infections associated with ocular rosacea. Also sold under the brand names: Isopto-Cetamide®, Sulfair®, Ak-Sulf®, Ophthacet®, Cetamide®, Sulf-10®, Sulfair Forte®, Sodium Sulamyd®, sulfacetamide.

Sumycin® – an oral antibiotic often prescribed for the treatment of rosacea. Also sold under the brand names: Panmycin®, Tetracyline, Robitet®, Achromycin V®, Tetracyn®.

Synalar® – by Medicis, (fluocinolone), a topical steroid medication used in the treatment of a variety of skin conditions. Also sold under the brand names: Derma-Smoothe/FS, Fluonid, Flurosyn, FS Shampoo, Synalar-HP, Synemol.

Synemol® Cream (Medicis), a topical steroid medication used in the treatment of a variety of skin conditions. Also sold under the brand names: Derma-Smoothe/FS, Fluonid, Flurosyn, FS Shampoo, Synalar, Synalar-HP.