The basics of skin care are to prevent damage from occurring to the skin, aid in healing the damage that has already been done and provide relief when needed as the skin repairs itself.
The basic anatomy of skin care is to 1) cleanse the skin, 2) moisturize, 3) nourish the skin, 4) and protect the skin from damage.
Cleanse the skin with a cleansing bar that does nothing but CLEANSE the skin. A scrubbing bar adds a roughing agent to the cleanser that acts as an abrasive and can actually cut into the skin leaving the surface vulnerable to infection and bacteria.
Moisturize the skin to add a surface barrier to protect and seal any surface cracks or fissures in the skin. Moisturizing the skin will also provide a temporary soothing in the appearance of wrinkles in the skin and help the skin to retain moisture.
Nourish the skin to keep it healthy and restore elasticity to the skin. Restoring the elasticity will reduce the appearance of wrinkles and help the skin to become more resilient to protect form damage. Nourishing the skin comes from within the body. Drink enough water every day to keep the skin supple and moist – the amount of water needed can vary based on your activity level, the climate both indoors and outdoors and medications you may be taking. You can actually look at your skin and tell when it needs more water – if it looks dry or feels itchy and flakily, you need more water. If in doubt, look closely at the skin on the back of your hand, add a drop of water and notice the difference of the appearance in the texture of your skin. If you pay attention to your skin, it will tell you what it needs.
Protect the skin from further damage. A sunscreen when outdoors for prolonged periods of time is vital to good skin care. A balance diet provides the skin with the nutrients it needs to perform its best.